|This article appears in the April 6, 2012 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
NAWAPA XXI NOW!
'Water Security' Report
Threatens National Security
by Marcia Merry Baker
[PDF version of this article]
March 31The urgency of immediate adoption by the United States of LaRouchePAC's NAWAPA XXI [http://archive.larouchepac.com/node/22137]an action program to restore the United States and the world system of nation-states back onto the path of progress and security, and away from the present collapse and warfare, by creating massive new water resourcesis dramatized by a new report from the highest intelligence institution in the United States on the question of water security.
The Global Water Security Report [http://www.dni.gov/nic/ICA_Global Water Security.pdf], issued in February by the U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence, is an assessment of the strategic implications of world water supply problems from now to 2040. It is an unclassified version of a National Security Estimate (NIE).
It proceeds from the premises which have been imposed on the world by British imperial greenie-ism and monetarism over the last 50 years. Rejecting the scientific and traditional American view that it is man's intervention into the biosphere that creates resources, this report, like the Club of Rome's now-discredited Limits to Growth of 40 years ago, argues that water resources are fixed and can only be better "managed," not expanded. Therefore, the report argues, "water wars" are inevitable and the United States must be prepared to deal with them.
The principal drafter of the 30-page Global Water Security was the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), with contributions from the CIA, Department of Energy, State Department/Bureau of Intelligence and Research, the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, and others. The report was commissioned by the State Department, and done under the auspices of the Director of the Strategic Futures Group. (Intelligence Community Assessment 2012-08, 2 February 2012).
The report's conclusion is:
"We assess that during the next 10 years, many countries important to the United States will experience water problemsshortages, poor water quality, or floodsthat will risk instability and state failure, increase regional tensions, and distract them from working with the United States on important US policy objectives. Between now and 2040, freshewater availability will not keep up with demand...."
This doom-and-gloom assessment follows from the assumption that nothing can be done to increase the water resource base.
"We assume that water management technologies will mature along present rates and that no far-reaching improvements will develop and be deployed over the next 30 years...."
The study focuses on the geostrategic region stretching from Northern Africa through Southwest and Southern Asia, involving the nations along the seven principal river basins in the region.
"For the core classified analysisa National Intelligence Estimatewe focused on a finite number of states that are strategically important to the United States and transboundary issues from a selected set of water basins."
The seven river basins are the Nile, Jordan, Tigris-Euphrates, Indus, Amu Darya, Brahmaputra, and Mekong.
This is the very region where geopolitical interventions by the dying British empire, have fomented warfare and collapse in Great Game fashion, notably in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, the trans-Jordan, and Syria, and now threaten nuclear holocaust by new escalations on the borders of Russia and China (see "Britain and Its Followers Cast a Crooked Shadow over Central Asia," in International.
In this context, incompetent assessments of water resources, based on an assumption of fixed and linear behavior, are unacceptable. The need for the NAWAPA XXI plan could not be more obvious. The National Intelligence Council, which coordinated the production of "Gloabl Water Security," is badly in need of education about the rudiments of the creative nature of man, and the unbounded potentials of resources, if human creativity is unleashed to solve problems like the global water crisis.
No Limits to Water Supply
The diagram of "The Earth's Water," provided in the Global Water Security report, reproduced here as Figure 1, encapsulates the essential problem with the outlook of the report. The left column gives the standard representation of planetary "Water Distribution," showing two apparent constraints. Over 97% of the Earth's water is in the oceans; and of the remaining 2.5% which is freshwater, only only 0.4% is surface (rivers, lakes) and atmospheric. Groundwater is a much larger share of the planetary 2.5% fresh water, in the range of 30%.
This gives the general situation fairly enough, to underscore the challenge for mankind to think about orienting present economic and scientific activity from the vantage point of continually providing for the future. This means, most simply, that additional freshwater resources need to be continually "created" through desalting seawater and brackish groundwater, and through redistributing water suppliesmoving water from where it is plentiful, to where it has become scarce, by means of regional and even continental water-conveyance systems.
Mankind's success in "manufacturing" and redistributing freshwater is one of the leading elements of the general process of human biospheric engineering, which will produce new patterns of water cycles and distribution, affected also by larger solar and galactic dynamics.
However, the NIE assessment of global water rules out any such biospheric activity, in favor of the geopolitical axiom that we are at the end of the line: Water scarcity is a given. Strife and warfare are inevitable.
Therefore, the right column, "Freshwater Use," while presenting a useful snapshot of present-day categories of usage of freshwater, mostly for agriculture, implies that the relative volumes cannot be much changed, and thus, any problems currently experienced can only get worse. The best that can be done is improved management of scarcity.
Desalination and Water Diversion
This crazed outlook pervades the report. There are two key aspects to itdesalination and water diversion.
First, large-scale desalination is not only not presented as an option by the authors, but there is no mention whatsoever of nuclear power, which is the key to making the several high-tech desalting methods work cheaply anywhere. For example, just one modern nuclear-powered desalination facility could provide enough water for the drinking supply of a city the size of Atlanta, Georgia.
Worse, when the report does mention that desalination methods exist, the authors raise as an obstacle, the "problem" of where the salts can be disposed of, which is an issue entirely within modern geological and engineering expertise.
Second, the same non-think prevails with respect to water diversion projects. The report makes scant mention, and mainly criticism, of large-scale water reorganization proposalscanals, aqueducts, inter-basin transfers, tunnels, and other conveyances. One of the two explicit references to such water transfers is relegated to a footnote on page 6, which cites "development of water infrastructure (dams, levies, canals, water treatment facilities, etc.), the use of water infrastructure to control water flow," as just one of several means of "water management," alongside pricing mechanisms, transboundary water agreements, and increasing trade in "virtual water" (water in food and goods) from water-rich to water-poor nations.
The report mentions no such water diversion projects by name, but alludes to China's grand South North Water Diversion program (Figure 2), by stating, "Engineering solutions to water shortagesincluding the transfer of water between rivers, are becoming increasingly common," and then goes on to criticize this approach as "raising tensions," hurting people who live there, and harming the ecosystem.
In this sense, the Global Water Security report is outstandingly ahistorical. As of the mid-20th Century, both desalination and large-scale water diversion programs were on the agenda on every continent. Then they were deliberately thwarted by the anti-nation-state policy of the financial power nexus that is best called the British Empire.
In the 1930s, under President Franklin Roosevelt, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) approach, of full basin-infrastructure development, along with the Colorado and Columbia River Basins programs, and others, set the model. Looking over the horizon from these projects, engineers and policy leaders in the 1950s looked to the continental-scale North American Water and Power Alliance (NAWAPA).
The world over, on varying scales, plans were underway. In Eurasia, the Soviets began work on diverting some of the northward flow of the Ob-Irtysh river systems southward into the Aral Sea Basin. In Australia, the Murray-Darling Basin plan was implemented; and the Snowy Mountain scheme was built. In South America, TVA teams did initial planning work in Colombia and elsewhere. On the small island of Hispaniola, in Haiti, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers deployed to build the Peligre Dam, part of the intention to fully develop the Artibonite River Basin, for nationwide electrification and expanded irrigation. In Africa, engineers associated with the 1970s TransAqua program mapped outlines for developing the Congo River, including diverting some of the flow northward to upgrade and regulate the Chad Basin.
Alongside this was research for nuclear-powered desalination, under the Atoms for Peace program. For example, Mexico and the United States had a joint study program based in their drylands cross-border area. In the 1960s to 1980s, the Metropolitan Water District of Southern Californiaone of the world's largest public water utilitieshad intentions for Pacific coastal installations for nuclear-powered desalination.
The Empire Sets Limits
It was this impetus of man's improvements on the planetbeing led by the United Stateswhich was slammed by decades of opposition from the British Empire, based on monetarism, malthusianism, and globalization, and deploying networks in academia, pop-culture, the United Nations, and other world organizations, including subverting U.S. government institutions with greenie insanity.
The point has been reached today, where allowing these operations to continue means backing genocide. Masses of people are being denied water, and the means of existence, under the pretenses of "conservation ... ecosystem preservation ... sustainability" and similar excuses.
The nature of the subversion can be seen in a short chronology of some of the leading moments in this onslaught, again taking the mid-20th Century as a benchmark.
1950s: The Conservation Foundation (CF) (set up in 1940s in Washington, D.C.) and other groups associated with European pre-war, master-race networks, such as the International Conservation Union, pumps out propaganda that "natural" resources are threatened by overpopulation.
1960s: The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is established (1961). WWF co-founder Philip Mountbatten, the Royal Consort, calls for drastic population reduction. The Population Bomb (1968) by Paul R. Ehrlich, predicts inevitable mass death in the 1970s from starvation.
1970s: In 1972, The Limits to Growth is issued by the Club of Rome, presenting a hoked-up computer model to assert that population is outstripping natural resources. The Greening of America (1970, by New Left guru Charles A. Reich) deplores "uncontrolled technology ... and destruction of the environment" by overpopulation.
1980s: The WWF starts an international campaign (1982) to stop Third World development projects, in order to "protect the environment." The 1980s GATT talks result in the WTO in 1995, imposing globalization in agriculture, instead of upgrading all nations' water resources base.
1990s: The Rio Earth Summit, the UN Conference on Environment and Development (1992), decrees that water and other resources are limited, and only "sustainable" practices of water use are permissible. The concept of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) is promulgated, to vanquish the concept that mankind can create new resources. Also in 1992, the International Conference on Water and the Environment publishes the "Dublin Principles," of how water is limited, and use must be cut, in order to be "sustainable." In 1996, the Global Water Partnership (GWP) is founded, in conjunction with the World Bank and London-centered financial interests, to police the world to limit water projects.
2000s: The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), 2002, calls for all countries to set up IWRM by 2005; the target date is set for 2013.
2012: Rio+20 is scheduled for June. One of its official issues is "sustainable management of scarce water resources."
On cue, Hollywood has a new movie out, "Watershed" (Robert Redford, director), on the inadequacy of the Colorado River, to say that all you can do is cut your personal use of water.
The Global Water Security assessment follows this scarce resources/genocide vector in every way. In its section on the "Use of Technology and Infrastructure," the emphasis is on reducing water use.
"The use of existing technology for conservation and efficiencyparticularly in agricultureoffers the best hope to increase human security and facilitate economic growth.... Simple and inexpensive water amanagement improvements in agriculture, including improved irrigation practices and land-leveling (to obtain an even distribution of water), are often the most straightforward way to compensate for increased demand and stretch existing water supplies...."
It promotes "point-of-use" methods of water treatment, a polite reference to such primitive practices as putting water into bottles in the sunlight for solar purification, as is advocated for low-tech use in poverty-stricken parts of Africa.
Otherwise the report advocates three major pathways for the future:
- pricing of scarce water high enough so that "the markets" will ration it among competing demands;
- treaties among nations to share the scarcity, where nations are in the same river basins; and
- seeking to obtain imported virtual water, in the form of food and other goods, if yours is a water-short region.
On this last point, the report lauds food import-reliance in the western part of the seven river basins:
"The Middle East and North Africa have partially addressed their water shortages by purchasing high-water-content food commodities whose virtual water content is equivalent to having another Nile River flowing into the region...."
But, the report demurs,
"Increasing water shortages and rising food prices will present growing challenges for all but the wealthiest countries in these regions...."
Equally venal on the face of it, is the fact that this report extols world water and food shortages as a potential trade advantage for the United States.
"The United States, Russia, and Canada, as major agriculture exporters, can benefit from an increased demand for their products, as water shortages increase in various parts of the world."
And the report calls for more free-market trade in virtual water.
The sick joke, is that it is the United States itself that is relying more and more on large flows of food-imports from water-short nations. For example, Mexico, now suffering desperate food shortages from drought, is the source-nation for mega-food cartels to ship large tonnages of fresh and frozen produce to the United States and Asia, including avocadoes, onions, melons, tomatoes, citrus, cauliflower, and many other forms of virtual water. What this means is an epic world food shortagefamine, in the makingthanks to the genocidal share-the-scarcity policies in force.
A 'Second' Jordan River
Just one examplethe Jordan River Basingives the lie to the entire thrust of the NIE's world water assessment.
There is no basis for asserting a need to restrict, share, manage, or otherwise do without water in the Jordan Basin. Instead, a man-made "Second Jordan River" can be brought into being! Just 20 nuclear power plants, with desalination facilities, could duplicate the entire water resources available in the Jordan Basin, as of 1990.
This calculation was made and published as part of the "Oasis Plan" perspective put out by Lyndon LaRouche since the 1970s (see Documentation), and reiterated in 1993 at the time of the historic Oslo Accords between Israel and the PLO. Creating new water resources for for the entire trans-Jordan was a critical part of mutual-interest geographic engineering for new resources and new agro-industrial capacity in the region.
The parameters are straightforward. Begin with the baseline: As of several decades ago, all the available surface water in the Jordan River Basin was being drawn off, plus groundwater is being overpumped at a rate causing increased salinity and depletion. The flow of the Lower Jordan River itself (below Lake Tiberius, also called the Sea of Galilee or Lake Kinneret) declined from 1,200 million cubic meters (mcm) a year in the 1950s, down to barely 100 cmc in the 1990s, which makes it just a ditchand even less today. In the early 1990s, the volume of water used from all sources (surface and underground) was in the range of 3,500 mcm. And of that, Israel takes the lion's share.
Using the metric of freshwater available from designs for nuclear-powered desalination plants and the specifications for modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (MHTGR) model plants, building installations at strategic sites could duplicate the "natural" Jordan surface water in short order, by adding increments of new water in the range of 146 mcm each.
Look at the results, in terms of the few tributaries of the Jordan River system. Just one such nuclear-deal plant, for example, would exceed the annual average discharge rate of the Hasbani River on the Lebanon-Israel border. Five nuclear-desalination plants could produce more water than the Dan and Yarmuk rivers combined. Ten plants would double the volume of the Upper Jordan River. And with 20-25 plants, a new Jordan Basin flow would come into existence.
 See "Introduction to Nuclear Desalting: A New Perspective," by S. Golan et al., in Fusion Technology, December 1991.